Musicians like to cite studies that so quickly demonstrate how music makes kids smarter (and other similar arguments). Yet, we must be ever vigilant for the temptation to assume the studies say more than what they really do. If we cite an article in conversation or if we share it on social media, I would suggest that musicians 1) actually read the article and 2) understand how the researchers conducted the experiment. It’s a great time to ask questions: how big was the sample size? How are they measuring the result? What is the causal mechanism between the increase in intelligence and the presence of certain musical activities? If the study is unclear about any number of things, we should learn more by either doing more research on the study itself or by emailing the researchers. Whatever the method, our obligation remains the same: to pass on good information that meets reasonable, logic-based criteria, rather than to share information we like because it already agrees with us.